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Some have looked particularly at Massachusetts records. 1839, South Boston, Boston Lunatic Hospital, later called Boston Insane Hospital, Boston State Hospital. For a detailed finding aid to these manuscripts, download the 208-page pdf. 413.545.SCUA (413-545-7282), University Libraries | UMass Amherst154 Hicks Way | Amherst, MA 01003 | V. 413.545.SCUA (413-545-7282) Email an archivist, Highway indexes (Hampshire Council of Governments), University's site on the coronavirus outbreak, Special Collections and University Archives. Shirley. 1907, Lakeville, Lakeville State Sanatorium, later called Lakeville Hospital. Starting Tuesday, August 25th, SCUA will be open to UMass Amherst faculty, students, and staff (with valid UCard), Tuesday-Friday, 10:00am-4:00pm. Branch called the Nautical Reform School existed 1859-1872 based for periods in Salem, Boston, and New Bedford harbors. For posterity, a time capsule was embedded within the cornerstone, where it would lie undisturbed on top of Hospital Hill for 150 years. UMass/Boston has made her full work available online, Volumes 1 and 2 (1800-1864) original records, FHL DGS, Volumes 1 and 2 transcribed by Ann S. Lainhart with notations, UMass/Boston. It’s this story that has so much meaning when we share it with our family. For a detailed finding aid to these manuscripts, download the 208-page pdf here. A. Prentice, “State Lunatic Hospital,” Annual Report of the Trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital at Worcester, October 1867 (Boston: Dutton and Wentworth, 1867), frontispiece. Volume 18 (1877-1906), FHL DGS 8093555, item 3, Volume 19 (1843-1876), FHL DGS 8093555, item 4, Volume 20 (1840-1892), FHL DGS 8093555, item 5, Volume 21 (1849-1902), first part, FHL DGS 8093555, item 6, Volume 21 (1849-1902), last part, FHL DGS 7833946, item 1, Volume 22 (1902-1907), FHL DGS 7833946, item 2, Research studies, 1910-1944, Massachusetts State Archives, Record Group HS7.11/1955X. Kim Caisse interviewed Lynn Blanchard (one of the authors above) for the Worcester State University News, “Book Shows Remains of Sad Time in Mental Health Care”. Digitized by Librarian Leonard Adams, the following annual reports of the Northampton State Hospital (previously State Lunatic Hospital at Northampton) reflect the evolution of mental health care in the Commonwealth from its opening in 1858 until the eve of the Second World War. 44 (July-September 2018): 27-33. A 1997 DMH study from existing records confirmed 181 burials with 413 more possible (disposition "Northampton" or left blank). Reading a novel, depression, allergies, etc. Free Records for Researching Family Trees. Before the opening of the St Crispin Hospital in 1876, the paupers of Northampton were admitted to theNorthampton General Asylum to the East of Northampton. 1852, Taunton, State Lunatic Hospital at Taunton, later called Taunton State Hospital for the Insane, Taunton State Hospital. TWO CASES OF TOTAL … The Northampton State Hospital was opened in 1858 to provide moral therapy to the “insane,” and under the superintendency of Pliny Earle, became one of the best known asylums in New England. 1854, Lancaster, Lancaster Industrial School for Girls. Although most state hospital cemeteries have markers that list only numbers, these cemeteries are exceptions as they include names and dates. Volume 16 (1886-1891), first part, FHL DGS 7833945. The Northampton Lunatic Hospital was opened in 1858 in the moral spirit of Tuke and Rush, designed to accommodate approximately 250 patients on its bucolic campus. 1922, Belchertown, Belchertown State School. Business records tend to be more complete in the modern era, but the older printed annual reports are a great source of information about old institutions. The State and the Mentally Ill: A History of Worcester State Hospital in Massachu­setts, 1830–1920, The earliest Worcester hospital records — although they are Massachusetts state records — are held in a private library’s offsite storage. A Mirror OF HOSPITAL PRACTICE, BRITISH AND FOREIGN. Volumes 1 and 2 (1800-1864) original records, FHL DGS 7943178 (image may only be viewed at a Family History Center or Affiliate Library. The first name sounds harsh to the modern ear and later names sound too generic to be meaningful to the researcher. Berrywood Foundation Year. Also known as the State Lunatic Hospital, Westborough State Hospital, and the Massachusetts State Hospital. Linda Hall-Little, “52 Ancestors Week #29 – Update of ‘The Insane’,” posted 28 July 2014, Passage to the Past's Blog (https://passagetothepast.wordpress.com/2014/07/28/52-ancestors-week-29-update-of-the-insane/). Previous location. 1856, Northampton, Lunatic Hospital at Northampton. 1884, Westborough, Westborough Insane Asylum, later called Westborough Lunatic Asylum, Westborough State Hospital, and the Massachusetts State Hospital. c2002 1902, Gardner, State Colony for the Insane, later called North Central Correctional Institution. For a history of the state’s first hospital for the mentally ill, see Gerald Grob. With the Lunacy Commission pushing for every county to have their own asylum and not send paupers out to other Asylums, this arrangement was deemed unworthy and the county encourage to build their own premises. Visits are by appointment only. The Lunatic Asylum at Northampton Few places hold the power to chill the spine more than an abandoned mental institution. Massachusetts led the national movement to provide more humane treatment in the 1800s, developing massive hospitals with what was then considered advanced treatment. To make it easier for you to find the exact register you need to study, click on the link to that register as an item in the digital database for the microfilm. The mentally ill in the early colonial period could be treated as witches or as felons or in the system developed for treating the destitute. Massachusetts Department of Mental Health’s medical records request page. The Massachusetts State Archives holds records of the Northampton State Hospital under the Health and Human Services division. © 2020 by Massachusetts Genealogical Council, Inc. As genealogists, we look not just for dates and locations, but for the stories that tell us about our ancestors. For more information and to book a research visit, go to our appointments page. It is important to distinguish the many types of records kept by institutions. The social standing of those pushing for an asylum in Northampton was very similar to that of the committee set up in Norfolk to build the Norfolk Lunatic Asylum: see Steven Cherry, Mental Health Care in Modern England: The Norfolk Lunatic Asylum, St Andrew s Hospital, 1810-1998 (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2003), p. 28. Find-A-Grave has Hillside West Cemetery. New Orleans (La.) Volume 16 (1891-1902), last part, FHL DGS 8093555, Inpatient commitment registers, 1886-1926, Massachusetts State Archives, record group HS7.04/1115X, Inpatient case files, 1886-1960, 1970-1977, Massachusetts State Archives, record group HS7.04/173X. The fourth annual report of the Northampton General Lunatic Asylum (opened August 1, 1838) from July 1, 1841 to June 30, 1842. Today, we expect social services and public welfare to help families in need to stay in their own homes and lead normal lives. And few abandoned mental institutions could thrill the senses like the Northampton State Hospital, formerly perched on Hospital Hill in Northampton, Mass. Hospital Archives ... Northampton General Hospital Admissions 1774-1846. See the catalog entry from the Boston Public Library here. aka State Lunatic Hospital (Northampton, Mass.) Located on Thompson’s Island. Images of Modern AmericaSeries, Arcadia Publishing, February 1, 2016. Volume 3 (1898-1905), first part, FHL DGS 8093554. We continue to make this information available for inspection and reuse but can no longer guarantee its accuracy. The last eleven patients left Northampton State in 1993. document.imageform.search_collectiontitle_name.value="All"; In researching institutionalized family members, the researcher should recognize that treatment considered humane and at the forefront of good care in 1870 was by 1980 considered inhumane. The Northampton General Lunatic Asylum, ... Records for St Mary’s Hospital are with Tyne and Wear Archives. A Brief History of the Northampton State Hospital. In addition to U.S. HIPAA regulations, Massachusetts General Law (M.G.L.) 1904, Boston, Industrial School and Home for Crippled and Deformed Children, later called Massachusetts Hospital School; today the Cotting School in Lexington. Massachusetts General Law often prohibits providing patient information for patients in the modern department system. Format of each entry: Year Established, Town Where Originally Established, Name When Established, Subsequent Names. To inform ourselves, we read about sailing across the ocean in steerage class, about cooking in a fireplace, or about building log cabins. Its rumored that St. Andrews is only one of two original asylums that has a curved corridor. 1884, Concord, Massachusetts Reformatory, later called M.C.I. includes language to limit access to the records of the modern human services departments. The affiliated Worcester Farm Colony (Grafton State Hospital) cemetery is here. Although most state hospital cemeteries have markers that list only numbers, these cemeteries are exceptions as they include names and dates. The population of Northampton State Hospital continued to swell until by 1900, it housed 600 patients in overcrowded conditions. 1882 (Pages 1-50) -- Transcription 1902, Grafton, Worcester Farm Colony (part of the Worcester Lunatic Asylum), later called Grafton State Hospital. 1848, South Boston (Watertown; after 1887, later Waltham), Massachusetts School for Idiotic and Feebleminded Youth, later called Walter E. Fernald State School, Walter E. Fernald Developmental Center. These are often used to locate public records under the Massachusetts Freedom of Information Act, although some provide for access to patient records. These records are also open records. As a state institution, the Annual Report of the Northampton Lunatic Hospital and Annual Report of the Trustees of the Northampton State Hospital were issued as public documents. Genealogists can access older patient or institutional registers. }, Special Collections and University ArchivesUniversity Libraries | UMass Amherst, 25th Floor, Du Bois Library154 Hicks Way | Amherst, MA 01003V. West Middlesex FHS … | Volume 110, ISSUE 2820, P391-392, September 15, 1877 NORTHAMPTON GENERAL LUNATIC ASYLUM. He stayed a free man at home for a little while, but was back in the asylum by mid-1841, his wife having called for help from them between Christmas and the New Year of 1841. Patient admission records created by state institutions were sent to the Board of State Charities from its 1863 creation, primarily to track how patients were supported financially, and early records were arranged by form of support (state, local, private). That library is the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Harvard University School of Medicine, 10 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115. Volume 21 (1849-1902), first part, FHL DGS 8093555. In the colonial period, the destitute were sent to live with unrelated families while the town’s board of selectmen paid their room and board. This is a boon to researchers. Genealogists can access older patient or institutional registers. St. Andrews Asylum is also known as the Norfolk Lunatic Asylum Annexe. document.imageform.query.value=""; Volume 6 (1867 – 1877), Internet Archive images, Volume 7 (1877 – 1888), Internet Archive images, Volume 8 (1889 – 1900), Internet Archive images, Volume 9 (1901 – 1910), Internet Archive images, Volume 1 (1910-1912), Internet Archive images. Institutions could help the mentally ill, disabled, orphaned, old, bankrupt, people with tuberculosis, or those convicted of crimes. "The child above was boarded out by the Boston Children's Aid Society because her mother was ill." Placing-out, The Adoption History Project, Department of History, University of Oregon, Eugene. Gena Philibert-Ortega, “Researching Ancestors Who Were Committed to Asylums, Using Old Newspapers,” posted 6 May 2013, GenealogyBank (https://blog.genealogybank.com/researching-ancestors-who-were-committed-to-asylums-using-old-newspapers.html). The Harvard catalog entry for the Worcester Lunatic Asylum patient records is here. The following table contains links to Family History microfilms which have scanned images online. “Book Shows Remains of Sad Time in Mental Health Care”, Parallels in Time: A History of Developmental Disabilities, http://mastatelibrary.blogspot.com/2017/03/old-massachusetts-hospital-records-and.html, https://www.ngsgenealogy.org/index.php?pda_v3_pf=/_pda/Magazine-Archives/101018-pm-NGSMag-2018Q3_secured.pdf, https://fletcherfamilytree.wordpress.com/2016/05/28/record-spotlight-massachusetts-department-of-health-institutional-registers-1854-1918-on-familysearch-org/, https://passagetothepast.wordpress.com/2014/07/28/52-ancestors-week-29-update-of-the-insane/, https://blog.genealogybank.com/researching-ancestors-who-were-committed-to-asylums-using-old-newspapers.html, Department of Mental Health’s FOIA request page, Department of Mental Health’s medical records request page, https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery/91769/memorial-search, https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery/2436248/memorial-search?page=1#sr-99092702, http://goodoldboston.blogspot.com/2011/03/industrial-school-for-crippled-and.html, Reminiscences of the Boston Female Asylum, Annual Report of the Trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital at Worcester, October 1867. St Crispin Hospital is remarkable for being a complete lunatic asylum complex with both buildings and parkland surviving intact. The finding aid has links to the digitized items. If you have difficulty accessing records that you feel should be open, please contact the MGC Massachusetts Records Director at staterecords@massgencouncil.org. Also known as Worcester Lunatic Hospital, Worcester State Hospital and Women’s Lunatic Asylum, Temporary Asylum for the Chronically Insane, Worcester Recovery Center and Hospital; affiliate Worcester Farm Colony also known as the Grafton State Hospital. Harding, later Medfield State Hospital) 1896, 1898 (3 copies), 1899, 1900, 1901, 1922 Metropolitan State Hospital at Waltham 1931, 1933 Monson Massachusetts Hospital for Epileptics (post office Palmer) 1898, 1899 Northampton Lunatic Hospital (later Northampton … Many annual reports are available on Google Books (, If you have difficulty accessing records that you feel should be open, please contact the MGC Massachusetts Records Director at, Several state agencies have web portals for modern records access. This article explores the dynamics that resulted in the Northamptonshire authorities' successfully evading their responsibility to build a county asylum. annual report Worcester State Hospital 1837, annual report board of charities massachusetts. Two cemeteries were used for the burials of Worcester hospital patients, Hillside West Cemetery and Hillside East Cemetery. Each microfilm as one or more items on it. It was built on the former grounds of a state reformatory (when the Lyman School was moved to another site). The State and the Mentally Ill: A History of Worcester State Hospital in Massachu­setts, 1830–1920. Our COVID-19 page provides more details about our services. The earliest Worcester hospital records — although they are Massachusetts state records — are held in a private library’s offsite storage. Muriel Sprott, My Ancestor was a Lunatic: using lunatic asylum / mental hospital records (e.g. That library is the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Harvard University School of Medicine, 10 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115. Abbott, Charles Henry Herbert (1910-1977), diarist Kettering, Northamptonshire ; Abdy, Stotherd (c1728-1773), clergyman; Adam, William (1751-1839), politician, attorney general to Prince of Wales Before the turn of the century, however, the Hospital declined, facing the problems of overcrowding, poor sanitation, and inadequate funding. For information on its closure in 2010, see Lee Hamel, “Westborough State Hospital Set to Close,” Telegram and Gazette, Worcester, Mass., Sunday, 11 April 2010. For example, click on these queries to see the reports they return. Later, workhouses were developed in towns. 1905, Penikese Island, Gosnold, Penikese Hospital. The types of institutions developed over that period is staggering. Go to Google Books and form a query that includes “annual report” and a year and the name of the institution. Many people believE ghosts are haunting what now stands as a rotting part to British history. This issue is available online to those with membership in the National Genealogy Society; Jake Fletcher, “Record Spotlight – Massachusetts Department of Health, Institutional Registers, 1854-1918 on FamilySearch.org,” posted 28 May 2016, FamilySearch (, Linda Hall-Little, “52 Ancestors Week #29 – Update of ‘The Insane’,” posted 28 July 2014, Passage to the Past's Blog (, Gena Philibert-Ortega, “Researching Ancestors Who Were Committed to Asylums, Using Old Newspapers,” posted 6 May 2013, GenealogyBank (, The original records of many hospitals and institutions are held in Massachusetts State Archives Record Group HS. The records of the institution have been deposited at UMass/Boston; the finding aid is here. Following theorists such as the Frenchman Philippe Pinel, the English Quaker William Tuke, and the Philadelphian Benjamin Rush, physicians rejected incarceration and harsh treatment of the mentally ill, advocating for a “moral therapy” centered on an intimate doctor-patient relationship and individualized care, often accompanied by structured labor, religious exercises, and regular entertainment to keep the mind occupied in productive pursuits. It provided homeopathic treatment and took in patients from other hospitals who wanted this type of treatment. Today people with these challenges live in their local communities, often with support services. In the early period, people facing challenges often remained at home under the care of family members. Massive hospitals were dismantled or repurposed, often to house smaller programs for specific health issues such as opioid addition. In Massachusetts, many institutional registers are accessible to genealogists. (Houses taking private patients only, unless otherwise stated) Bishopstone House, Bedford, 10 females Springfield House, Bedford 48, both sexes Wye House, Buxton, 44 both sexes Court Hall, Kenton, Exeter, 8 females Plympton House, Plympton, Devon 44 both sexes Dinsdale Park, Darlington, 44 both sexes, quie… The Minnesota Governor's Council on Developmental Disabilities, Parallels in Time: A History of Developmental Disabilities, provides resources and a history of treatment. See also the Worcester Farm Colony in Grafton. Where Found. 1876, Dedham, Temporary Asylum for Discharged Female Prisoners, later called Dedham Temporary Home for Women and Children by 1910. The hospital, if you can call it that, first opened in 1868 and was one of the smaller district asylums. 19th Century Mental Institutions, Insane and Lunatic Asylums Source: "Index to Hospital Reports" covering c. 1830-1896 ... Medfield Insane Asylum NORTHAMPTON Northampton Lunatic Hospital. In a few cases, these public records are stored in private or local public collections where access is restricted according to the best understanding of the librarians and archivists. We know that a person lived from a birth year to a death year, for example 1815-1865, but we also say that the real story is in the dash. For a history of the state’s first hospital for the mentally ill, see Gerald Grob. When it was opened in 1811, the McLean Asylum in Somerville, Mass., became the first hospital of its kind in New England, and after laws were enacted in Massachusetts in the 1830s mandating the separation of the mentally ill from prisons, others soon followed suit. Re: Northampton Lunatic Asylum « Reply #7 on: Monday 12 June 17 16:03 BST (UK) » In the not too distant past, prior to modern Mental Health legislation, it was all too common for women to be committed to an asylum because of pregnancy. Fulfilling both a progressive hope that humanitarian principles and Enlightened reason could resolve even the most refractory social problems and a desire to control “deviancy,” reformers opened dozens of asylums to deal with issues ranging from criminality to poverty, the blind, orphans, and the mentally ill. ", https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCydCs0WWtkjNz2kA5sdzRlg. The hospital was originally known as the Northampton Lunatic Asylum. Still later the state built large almshouses and workhouses. Clare was sent to the Northampton General Lunatic Asylum, where he lived out the rest of his life. Yes . I was surprised, when looking at Irish census records, to see that my mother's grandparents, Thomas and Honora Moroney Coote worked at the District Lunatic Asylum, known as Our Lady's Hospital, in Ennis, County Clare, Ireland. Large institutions had cemeteries. 1902, Shirley, Boys Reform School at Shirley, See also Industrial School for Boys. Many annual reports are available on Google Books (www.books.google.com). A member of my family died in the County Lunatic Asylum, Northampton and I would love to know more about it - I can't seem to find much on the web. Concord, cemetery stones: https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery/2436248/memorial-search?page=1#sr-99092702. Although the names of individual patients are not presented, summaries of gender, race, ethnicity, and religion are sometimes available. The implementation of the best ideas falls short of the intentions. The original records of many hospitals and institutions are held in Massachusetts State Archives Record Group HS. Volume 1 (1886-1891), FHL DGS 8093554, item 3, Volume 2 (1891-1898), FHL DGS 8093554, item 4, Volume 3 (1898-1905), first part, FHL DGS 8093554, item 5, Volume 3 (1905), second part, FHL DGS 8073427, item 1, Volume 5 (1910-1915), FHL DGS 8073427, item 2, Volume 6 (1915-1918), FHL DGS 8073427, item 3, Volume 16 (1886-1891), first part, FHL DGS 7833945, item 8, Volume 16 (1891-1902), last part, FHL DGS 8093555, item 1, Volume 17 (1902-1907), FHL DGS 8093555, item 2, Inpatient commitment registers, 1886-1926, Massachusetts State Archives, record group HS7.04/1115X*, Inpatient case files, 1886-1960, 1970-1977, Massachusetts State Archives, record group HS7.04/173X*, Inpatient histories, 1886-1892, Massachusetts State Archives, record group HS7.04/278X, Post Office Box 5393, Cochituate, MA 01778. Find-A-Grave has Hillside West Cemetery here; and Hillside East Cemetery here. Boston: Eastburn’s Press, 1844. Closed 1995. 1876 . These are often used to locate. { Moulton Park, formerly an extra-parochial tract, now a parish, in Northamptonshire. 1852, Bridgewater, State Almshouse at Bridgewater, later called Bridgewater State Workhouse, Bridgewater State Farm, Bridgewater State Farm Hospital, State Hospital for the Criminally Insane, the Treatment Center for Sexually Dangerous Persons, M.C.I. Visit the University's site on the coronavirus outbreak for the latest information. Several bloggers have written about genealogical research focusing on institutional records. St Crispin’s is an abandoned Mental Asylum in Northampton with stories going back well over 100 years. Bridgewater, 1852, Monson, State Almshouse at Monson, In 1864 Almshouse children from Bridgewater and Tewksbury were moved here to create the Monson Primary School, 1852, Tewskbury, State Almshouse at Tewksbury, later called Tewksbury State Hospital, Gravestones at the hospital (also known as The Pines Cemetery): https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery/91769/memorial-search. The Hospital Records database is no longer being updated. UMass/Boston has made her full work available online here. Countway has “the first eighty years of operation of the institution through patient registries, admission record books, reports, and case books split into male and female volumes.” The Harvard catalog entry for the Worcester Lunatic Asylum patient records is here. When it began using physicians from regular medical schools in 1939, it became like other hospitals. As a society, Massachusetts has continually discussed the best approach to aid those in need. Massachusetts has over 400 years of European settlement. S. Robinson, chairman, Wm. Increasingly, the hospital housed only the destitute, the isolated, and those deemed incurable, and conditions declined precipitously. 1830, Worcester, Worcester State Lunatic Hospital, later called Worcester State Hospital, Worcester State Hospital and Women’s Lunatic Asylum, Worcester Recovery Center and Hospital. One type are medical records. ,” Telegram and Gazette, Worcester, Mass., Sunday, 11 April 2010. Massachusetts General Law often prohibits providing patient information for patients in the modern department system. The records that we access are under the authority of the Massachusetts Secretary of State through the Massachusetts State Archives at Columbia Point in Boston. Accessing these records means that we should understand two things: (1) the historical context of these illnesses, disabilities, and treatments because they differ so much from those of today, and (2) the laws and regulations pertaining to our ability to access these records. 1800, Boston, Boston Female Asylum, later called Boston Society for the Care of Girls, the Boston Children’s Aid Society, Boston Children’s Services, and the Home for Little Wanderers. See blog post at, The records of the institution have been deposited at UMass/Boston; the finding aid is, Ann S. Lainhart transcribed and annotated the first two volumes of records for the period 1800-1864. Available online here appointments page report ” and a year and the mentally ill in Ireland were very disjointed North... Stay in their own homes and lead normal lives Gerald Grob and to book a visit... Its rumored that st. Andrews is only one of the institution have been or. 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Smaller programs for specific Health issues such as opioid addition … St Crispin s! As manuscript items from existing records confirmed 181 burials with 413 more possible disposition. Has continually discussed the best approach to aid those in need resources to use when communicating these contexts. The earliest Worcester Hospital records — are held in a private Library ’ s this story that has curved! Of people with intellectual or physical disability also changed over time 1914, Norfolk, Norfolk, Norfolk State for!, British and FOREIGN County Lunatic Asylum records at London Metropolitan Archives ) Dedham Temporary home for and... Particular, I would like to know where the patients were buried when they died it became like other who! Schools in 1939, it became like other hospitals Ireland were very disjointed,. Other hospitals 1882-1884 ; 1888 but contact the MGC Massachusetts records Director at @. Evading their responsibility to build a County Asylum Northampton Lunatic Asylum Annexe ( United Independence! Society ; https: //www.findagrave.com/cemetery/2436248/memorial-search? page=1 # sr-99092702 queries to see the reports they.! A detailed finding aid to these manuscripts, download the 208-page pdf here list numbers!, from DigitalCommonwealth.org AmericaSeries, Arcadia Publishing, February 1, 2016 modern ear later! Volume 25 originally known as the Northampton State Hospital often with support services Asylum Record of patients, ;. Called Taunton State Lunatic Hospital at Taunton ( Mass. Science & technology thing could you!

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