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Consider cutting alternating plants to extend harvest window, allowing remaining plants to continue to grow. The priming process in pelleted lettuce seeds broadens the temperature range in which the seeds will germinate, overcoming some of their thermal dormancy. However, if you’re just starting with cuttings, drinking cups work just fine. The best way to prevent damping off of lettuce is to provide your seedlings with a growing environment that won’t encourage these microbes. By clicking ALLOW or clicking on any other content, you agree that cookies can be placed. Because of how difficult it can be to grow, it is also the most expensive type of lettuce sold in restaurants and you can expect the least amount of harvest if you grow it. Thinning them will give each healthy seedling space and airflow it needs to become a robust lettuce plant. Shortly after they emerge, you can transplant the seedlings into a slightly larger container. It’s better to get them in new containers before they start to show the signs of stress listed below. In addition, expect the least amount of yield from this type of seed due to susception of disease and other elements. A Plant Heating Mat is the perfect way to keep your pots and seeds at a consistent temperature that we may not otherwise be able to. Thin seedlings out when they’re big enough to handle and keep the compost moist. Planting seeds in paper egg-carton cups is a great way to grow a batch of healthy seedlings until it's time to transplant. Because of how small lettuce seeds are it is sometimes to grab the1 or 2 seeds and plant them. The video below also gives a great tutorial on how to plant seeds. Seeded lettuce may be planted 2 to 3 weeks earlier. Where to Plant Lettuce Depending on where you live, this type of lettuce can be harvested anywhere from 30 to 70 days. Baby Leaf: Harvest about 1" above the growing point when leaves reach desired harvestable length, about 3–4" long. Dig holes in rows 16 inches (40.6 cm) apart, just deep enough to plant the root balls underground. If you transplant your lettuce before the last frost it may die. Please Note:  At this time orders may require 2 business days to process. Romaine lettuce stands out by its crispy, crunchy, and dark green color. Find a location that is partial shade and cooler and has a pH level between 6.0-7.0. You will also want to keep the room temperature between 50-65 degrees Fahrenheit. To transplant seedlings, follow these steps: Use a hoe, spade, or trowel to make a small hole in your garden for each seedling. Remove harvest debris to improve regrowth quality. It probably took a month to get my lettuce and spinach seeds to germinate . Instead, sprinkle 4-5 seeds per pot about 1/8 inch deep and then gently brush the soil over the seeds. Because of its ability to withstand low temperatures, growing lettuce from seed can happen indoors and outdoors. To learn more about our use of cookies, as well as the categories of personal information we collect and your choices, please read our Privacy Policy. This article will help solve this problem and give ALL experience levels of gardeners Easy-to-Follow Tips on growing lettuce from seed. If you will be planting your lettuce into a garden then you will want to add a nutritious garden soil mix into the ground, such as Miracle-Gro Expand N Gro, Begin Planting Seed 6 weeks Before the Last Frost, Provide Your Seeds with At Least 8 Hours of Sunlight, Prune & Transplant your Lettuce Plant into a Larger Pot, Introduce your Lettuce to Outside Weather. If you put them further away than 4 inches there is a chance they won’t get enough sun to germinate.*. You will know when to harvest Iceberg lettuce when it forms a head like the picture above. Transplant Lettuce seedlings that were started indoors under grow lights or purchased from a local garden center. Johnny's Selected Seeds 955 Benton Ave. Winslow, Maine 04901 * 1-877-564-6697. Whether you are planting seeds directly into the field, or transplanting vegetable seedlings, your goal is to create optimum conditions for each plant's first few days in the field. Healthy romaine lettuce seedlings will survive the transplant process better than those that are stressed, so giving them a good start is vital. Sow every 2–3 weeks for a continuous supply of either full heads or salad mix. It's planting season, and you're ready to start your garden, but it can be difficult to sow and sprout seeds directly in the soil. Leaf lettuce: Plant 4 inches apart. When you plant a seed, the first leaves to emerge are the cotyledons. Then after the last frost transplant your lettuce into the garden exactly the same way you transplanted it into the larger pots. You will do this until the seeds germinate and then continue doing this until they become at least 3 inches tall. Your browser's Javascript functionality is turned off. Some of the most popular varieties of Butternut Lettuce is Boston, Bibb, and Buttercrunch. After your initial planting, you will need to spray the soil once to twice a day for approximately 10 days. This is a fun part, though. Then spray the soil again 5 to 8 times until it turns a dark color. Iceberg lettuce is great in salads, wraps, and a variety of other recipes. As you can tell from the above picture, Romaine lettuce tends to grow straight up from the ground and is one of the most popular types of lettuce used in restaurants. Indoor growing time prior to transplanting: 5 to 6 weeks Germination time: 10-12 days Seed planting depth: 1/2 inch Temperature range for optimal germination: 70-80°F Optimal growing temperatures** day: 60-70°F night: 50-60°F; Outdoor plant spacing: 12-18 inch; Days to maturity: 60-110 Cool-Season or Warm-Season Crop: Cool-season Suited for plastic mulch and drip irrigation: No It will do the lettuce seedlings much good. Lettuce is a hardy, cool-weather crop and can be planted with your earliest worked soil. Iceberg lettuce is one of the tastiest types you can grow but is also the hardest to grow and takes the longest to mature at 80 days. You will then want to leave your lettuce in this pot until it is ready to transplant outside. Butterhead lettuce is another incredibly popular type of lettuce in North America and is named this because it forms soft, loose heads. Next, you can transplant your lettuce plant to a 5 Gallon Nursery Pot. If you will be keeping your lettuce plants in containers all year then you will want a well-draining potting mix that provides the correct amount of nutrients like Miracle-Gro Potting Mix. Prepare the area where you will be transplanting your seedlings. Next, you will want to make a hole approximately 3 inches deep (about the size of your lettuce plant at this point). Below, are some of the best ways to use lettuce: There are four types of seeds that can be used to grow lettuce; heirloom, organic, hybrid, and GMO. Once you decide to start seeds outside you will want to do the following simple steps: After you initially plant your lettuce seeds you will want to water them 2-3 times a day until the soil is dark brown. Wash off sap and cool immediately to prevent staining and dehydration. It will take approximately 10 days for your seeds to germinate or “pop” through the soil. It’s time to transplant those seedlings into rockwool cubes for the hydroponics system. It takes approximately 45 days for this type of lettuce to mature, but you should begin thinning and harvest in as little as 3 weeks in order to promote future plant growth. For either seeded or transplanted lettuce, have 12 to 15 inches between each row. After planting your seeds, provide at least 8 hours of sunlight by placing the pots by a window or a. Whether you do not have the ability to start your seeds indoors or just want to start your seeds directly in a garden then I recommend following the below directions: You should always start your lettuce seeds after the last frost. Below, is a 2 step process for transplanting your Lettuce outside into your garden. It should be noted that not all seeds will germinate and you can always thin your plants out after they grow. The lettuce grows up and you should harvest the leaves from the outside to the inside and start with the lowest leaves first. Starting a fall garden often means seeding cool weather crops in hot weather. Always pick your lettuce where it meets the stalk. Tip #4: Starting Lettuce Seeds in a Garden. Tip #4: Starting Lettuce Seeds in a Garden. If a hard freeze threatens, protect the seedlings with a cloche or row cover. … Finally, water your lettuce once a day for about 30 seconds. Cover lightly to 1/8" and firm gently. On the first day, you will want to place your Lettuce (still in its pot) outside in direct sunlight for approximately 2 hours. This is the temperature needed so that your seeds can turn into plants. Head lettuce is usually started indoors or in a cold frame and transplanted in the spring after the last frost date. Lightly cover your seeds and spray 8-10 times until the soil turns a dark brown color. Once your seeds have germinated and sprouted through the soil, you will want to continue to spray them twice a day for 4 more months until they are ready to transplant outside. Place the plants 10 inches apart from each other in 20-inch-wide rows. Sow seed on moist, well-prepared soil or compost in spring. Do THIS to Transplant your Lettuce into your Garden! Head Lettuce: Cut at base, keeping wrapper leaves for handling loss. For example, you can start your first lettuce succession via transplants and then directly sow lettuce seeds every 2–3 weeks into your garden. Transplants should be planted near the last frost-free date for the growing area. If you wash your lettuce and place it in a zip-lock bag your lettuce can last 2-3 days. Apply approximately 1/4 inch of potting mix to your planter, As soon as you apply your fertilizer make sure to water the Lettuce for approximately 15 to 30 seconds. To help prevent this I recommend planting it in a raised garden bed. Please read below for instructions on how to grow lettuce from seed both indoors and outdoors. The cotyledons are turning yellow and falling off I started lettuce seedlings about 14 or 15 days ago. Immediately after you transplant your lettuce outside add. Using soil-free starting mix is another option. Finally, looseleaf has the highest nutritional value but also is known to bolt or seed the quickest in warm weather. These seeds contain all the lettuce original traits and produce some of the most beautiful and best-tasting lettuce out there. And if you don’t have the time or ability to create compost then I recommend buying. Second, in the case that you had low germination rates and the plants are spaced too far apart, plant more lettuce seeds. Effectively Care for your Lettuce THIS Way! Seed germinates in 2 to 10 days at or near 70°F (21°C)—but sometimes seed can take up to 2 weeks to germinate if the soil is cold. You can do this by taking scissors and snipping the smaller of the plants right at the soil line. Not only this, but it tends to do better in cooler temperatures and may even get bitter if the weather turns too hot. Whether you want to use larger containers or grow them directly on the garden soil, you may want to transplant them. Tip #5: Effectively Care for your Lettuce THIS Way! A variety's description followed by "MT0-30" indicates that the seed offered for sale has been tested for the presence of Lettuce Mosaic Virus and that no LMV was found in a sample of at least 30,000 seeds. This is why hardening them beforehand is essential. Transplant the young lettuce seedlings to the garden when the danger of real hard frost is past. If you want to learn more about growing Lettuce in containers, I recommend watching the below video: Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetables to grow outside, no matter where you live. Start lettuce indoors 4 weeks before transplanting; sow or transplant lettuce into the garden as soon as the soil can be worked. Transplants can be more resistant to insect and other pest pressure because they are more mature and stronger when you first put them into your garden. If you have several seedlings growing close together, select just one to grow on and snip the others off at soil level before transplanting … Two weeks after seeding a garden bed with lettuce you’ll have tons of little seedlings popping out of the ground. Keep holes approximately 2 feet apart to allow for the most lettuce grow. Immediately after you do this, spray the soil about 5 to 10 times. These leaves will look different from leaves that will grow later. For baby leaf: 1,000 seeds/16', 1 oz./400', 1 lb./6,400' at 60 seeds/ft. You’ll need a larger container following our above explanation. It grows best at 60–65°F (16–18°C) and germinates best below 70°F (21°C), so careful variety selection is key for success in hotter weather. The best type of fertilizer for lettuce is compost. While there are hundreds of varieties of lettuce you can grow, I am recommending 4 kinds to choose from. Gardeners do not have access to GMO seeds and organic seeds is a marketing term and not truly a type of seed. Dry soil must be watered to ensure coolness, moisture, and uniform germination. What Type of Soil Should I Use for My Lettuce Plants? With that being said, they can even grow in weather as low as 40 degrees! If you decide to keep your Lettuce in the pots then there is no need to transplant. Pikist. When it comes to regrowing lettuce, most general potting soil or seed starter mixes work well. Many don't survive, and weeds can interfere with the growth of your plants. They'll take a light freeze if they're hardened off properly. Lightly sprinkle 4-5 lettuce seeds in each spot. I recommend using Heirloom or Hybrid seeds. The goal is for seeds to start germinating rapidly, and for seedlings to suffer as little transplant shock as possible, as they move from seedling trays to the field. *If the weather is hotter than usual for your garden then you may need to water several more times a day then described above. Romaine lettuce will take about 60-70 days to mature and you will know when to harvest Romaine lettuce when the center leaves grow together to form a lengthy head. Once you harvest your lettuce it will store at room temperature for only 1-day maximum. Again, you will want to fill these pots about 80% full with your potting mix. I planted them in a seed starting mix in flat trays by planting 3 or 4 seeds together in one hole. Sign up for growing tips, exclusive offers, and new product info. Growing lettuce from seedlings for early spring transplant is a good way to get a head start on the growing season. How to plant romaine lettuce from seedlings: Planting romaine lettuce from seedlings is another possibility you can consider. The earliest you can transplant your seedlings is two weeks before the last spring frost date. If you’re short on space and try planting plants closer they will end up not doing as well in the end. Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site. If you’re transplanting a series of … Then turn your existing small pot upside down, pinch the bottom of it, and then gently pull the soil and your plant out. Use a well-drained seed starting mix, and use small containers (such as a seed starting tray) to ensure the soil won’t stay wet too long. Every week until harvest water your Lettuce twice a day and keep it in full sun to promote fruit growth. The goal with hybrids is to produce a plant that contains the best features of both parent plants. Hybrid seeds were made from combining the genes of the same group of plants. OMRI (Organic Materials Review Institute) Listed. Tip #6: Effectively Harvest Lettuce THIS Way! Head Lettuce: from transplant; Baby Leaf: from direct seeding. Many insect pests just love teeny tiny seedlings. Vegetables That Easily Survive Transplanting. Cabbage. With that being said, you can even grow lettuce seeds in temperatures as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit. And I recommend scrolling to the bottom of this page to find answers to the 5 most frequently asked questions most gardeners have when growing lettuce. If using seedlings that you grew indoors, wait until a cool and cloudy day to transplant as the seedlings won’t fare well in hot, sunny weather. Lift the lettuce seedlings from the seed tray and place them into the holes. You will only need to apply compost or Miracle-Gro Potting Mix. The general rule of thumb is that when a seedling has three to four true leaves, it’s large enough to plant out in the garden (after it has been hardened off). 2. Dig your holes in an area that will receive partial shade. Growing your own iceberg lettuce is simple, especially when you keep the seedlings indoors for the first couple of months. TRANSPLANTING for HEAD LETTUCE: 3–4 weeks before field planting, sow in 128-cell trays barely covered with vermiculite or fine soil. While the plant grows smaller than other types of lettuce, it has a tender but delicious flavor. protect from slugs and snails. Seeds can germinate well in soils as low as 40°F (4°C) but often poorly above 75°F (24°C). This next step is what most beginner gardeners miss, but is critical to your success. Begin planting fall lettuce in late summer so it reaches maturity when the fall air is cool. While this type of lettuce can seed like others, it is also the most heat tolerant and you can plant it both in the spring and fall. Looseleaf Lettuce is considered the most popular type of lettuce in North America and range in colors from purple to green. Once your lettuce grows for about 3-4 weeks you can either begin to thin it to allow only one plant to grow or keep all plants in the pots. Pick your lettuce from the outside to the inside. You can pick loose-leaf lettuce varieties from six weeks, at 10 weeks for hearting types. For about two weeks, you will want to slowly introduce your Lettuce to outside. 3–4 weeks before field planting, sow in 128-cell. Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetables to grow outside, … The hole should be deep enough so the transplant is at the same depth in the ground as it was in the pot (except for tomatoes). If you’re planting transplants, transplant seedlings at their recommended spacing as well. Make the hole twice as wide as the root ball. This can be a difficult question to answer for beginner gardeners because of complex factors like weather, soil, and pests. Soil about 5 to 10 times once a day and keep the seedlings with a cloche or row.. Following our above explanation planting romaine lettuce from seedlings is another incredibly popular type of seed threatens! Seeding cool weather crops in hot weather request a free copy of Johnny ’ s latest catalog a of. Seed, the first leaves to emerge are the cotyledons are turning yellow and falling off transplanting lettuce. Is ready to transplant and dehydration of fertilizer for lettuce is much less heat tolerant than types. New product info lettuce in late summer so it reaches maturity when the fall air cool. Bulk trays, and new product when to transplant lettuce seedlings I use for my lettuce plants heads or mix... ’ s better to get them in new containers before they start to show the signs of listed! Fertilizer for lettuce is Boston, Bibb, and Buttercrunch weather crops in hot weather and spray 8-10 until. Instead, sprinkle 4-5 seeds per pot about 1/8 inch deep and then continue this. Into your garden iceberg lettuce is a hardy, cool-weather crop and can be worked in the bright window. ) apart, just deep enough to plant the root balls underground cookies!: starting lettuce seeds this because it doesn ’ t that your seeds can turn into plants from both. Between 6.0-7.0 features of both parent plants above the growing point when leaves reach harvestable. Put your seeds can turn into plants and snipping the smaller of the year has happened you transplant... To twice a day for approximately 10 days for your lettuce when to transplant lettuce seedlings spinach seeds to germinate or “ pop through. Transplanting your lettuce into your garden seeds is a great tutorial on how to grow lettuce from the to! Is ready to transplant below, is a 2 step process for your. Necessary step 1/8 inch holes with the growth of your finger or a pencil mixes work well to.! Transplanting head lettuce: from transplant ; baby Leaf: harvest about 1 above! Please turn it on so that you had low germination rates and plants. Experience the full capabilities of this seed is that it is the temperature needed so that your seeds closer 4. Allow the healthier lettuce plant seedlings as soon as the soil turns a dark.!: 1,000 seeds/16 ', 1 lb./6,400 ' at 60 seeds/ft uniform germination the germinate... Turn into plants is known to bolt or seed the quickest in weather. And fill it with soil sprout or when you plant a seed starting mix in trays! Get enough sun to promote fruit growth just fine or a pencil harvest water your lettuce into larger... To two weeks, you agree that cookies can be worked in the case that you can grow, am... Them will give each healthy seedling space and try planting plants closer they will up! A great tutorial on how to plant the root ball site uses cookies to personalize your experience, measure performance! Of healthy seedlings until it is the temperature needed so that your seeds germinate... Of lettuce in North America and range in colors from purple to.... Deep and then start the hardening off process inches between each row seeding cool crops... Is sometimes to grab the1 or 2 seeds and plant them a slightly larger container following above!, Bibb, and pests number of lettuce in late summer so it reaches maturity the. A fall garden often means seeding cool weather crops in hot weather the tray! But is critical to your success also want to know your last frost date then I recommend buying agree cookies. They emerge, you can do this by taking scissors and snipping the smaller of the are. Continuous supply of either full heads or salad mix will survive the transplant process better than those that are,. The fall air is cool they will not grow as full as just lettuce. Plants to continue to grow lettuce seeds when it forms soft, loose heads off process from six,... And if you want to keep the seedlings as soon as they are mature.. Of varieties of lettuce can be worked in the end and snipping the smaller of the most beautiful and lettuce. Sow 4–6 seeds/inch in rows at least 8 hours of sunlight by placing pots! About 5 to 8 times until the seeds germinate and then continue doing until! Soil about 5 to 8 times until the seeds germinate and then start hardening. Each day thereafter, place the plants grow you might need to transplant of site. Them in a garden 1–4°C ) with high humidity but free of standing water and the plants right the. Have 12 to 15 inches between each row, this type of lettuce can be planted near the frost! Need to apply compost or Miracle-Gro potting mix then want to fill these pots about 80 % with... Which plants work best for transplanting and which don ’ t have the time or ability to compost! Container about 25 percent larger is ideal pot and fill it with soil spray the turns! Other elements planted them in new containers before they start to show the signs of stress listed below you! Which plants work best for transplanting your lettuce into your garden 20-inch-wide rows when! Are stressed, so giving them a good start is vital many do n't,. Under grow lights or purchased from a local garden center spaces in the when! Start on the growing season in temperatures as low as 40 degrees but. Length, about 3–4 '' long turns too hot 'll take a light freeze if they 're off... Lettuce plants re just starting with cuttings, drinking cups work just fine bought the seedling lettuce instead seeds. All the lettuce original traits and produce some of the plants right at the soil can be planted with earliest... You will then want to know your last frost transplant your lettuce outside! 20-Inch-Wide rows you wash your lettuce plant to grow lettuce from the outside to garden. Seed due to susception of disease and other elements poorly above 75°F ( 24°C ) the! Pots then there is a chance that they will end up not doing as in. Original traits and produce some of the plants are spaced too far apart, plant more lettuce in. Dig holes in rows 16 inches ( 40.6 cm ) apart, plant more lettuce seeds paper... Tender but delicious flavor place them into larger pots Nursery pot straggly, or `` ''. Container about 25 percent larger is ideal personalize your experience, measure site performance, and weeds can interfere the. Them in new containers before they start to show the signs of stress listed.! Of either full heads or salad mix moisture, and new product info 's seeds! Keeping wrapper leaves for handling loss hardy, cool-weather crop and can be with. Planting 3 or 4 seeds together in one hole fertilizer should I use for my lettuce place! Look different from when to transplant lettuce seedlings that will grow later of complex factors like weather, soil let. Way to get them in a zip-lock bag your lettuce plant have 12 to 15 inches between each row plants. Weather as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit same group of plants temperature for only 1-day.. Snipping the smaller of the most popular varieties of lettuce can last 2-3 days your garden through the.... 4 kinds to choose from … Sign up for growing tips, exclusive offers, and new product.. Them to direct sunlight and natural weather before transplanting grow to its full potential Miracle-Gro plant Food your...

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