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The video gives this summary: Nepal’s . In the United States, we also face tremendous challenges in serving large, rural communities outside of major population centers, among other problems. In the aftermath of the 2007 People's Revolt II, the 240 years of monarchy was abolished in the 5th amendment of the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063. Your response will remain confidential and anonymous, so I would like to request your honest/candid responses. Historically, Nepal hinges upon the foreign aid for its economic development. Get here a post about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. Thus, the constitution of Nepal 2015, formally declared the country a “Federal Democratic Republic” in which powers are shared between the central government, province and local level. The major challenges for any nation undergoing federal structure are allocation and distribution of adequate financial resources to every level of government. A version of this article appears in print on July 18, 2017 of The Himalayan Times. Few points that will point out its importance are mentioned below. Accordingly, Nepal is undergoing the process of restructuring through federal recasting and redesigning of the state. , right to self-determination weakness, gaps and contradictions in the discourse on federalism in Nepal and some reasons for the failure to restructure Nepal as a federal state. The focus of the FATE is on exploiting agriculture and natural resource based employment generation and economic development Further, the federal or central government can take assistance from local and state government for national economic development strategies. While the challenges are many, the decentralisation of healthcare also has the potential to benefit all Nepalis. 1. Civil law family essay apple inc essay conclusion. Nepal is also on the process of implementing fiscal federalism by delegating responsibilities downward to its provincial and local governments. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The challenges to the Nepalese federalism can be discussed as below; i. Nepal being a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi … Specifically, the move towards federalism should provide all Nepalis, whether urban or rural, equal access to government-provided health services. Nepal has a population of more than 26 million people, made up of over 40 different races and tribes. Giri had b Read More... KATHMANDU: Nepal’s Health Ministry, in its regular press briefing, shared the latest updates on coronavirus contagion from across the country, and the government’s response to the health crisis. History. A report by thinkta Read More... KATHMANDU: At a time when Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli is facing criticism within his party for averting the standing committee meeting, he has called an all-party meeting to discuss current affairs. One of the great successes of Nepal’s path to federalism has been the quantity of financial resources that has been shifted from the central (now federal) government level to the local government level, making Nepal the most decentralized country in South Asia. The Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research (NCCR) is the formal Nepal partner of the FATE. One of the most important challenges that Nepal currently faces is the management of various fiscal aspects under federal structure for successful implementation of Federalism. Federalism is the theory or advocacy of such an order, including principles for dividing final authority between member units and the common institutions.” Why we need Federalism in Nepal ? This EDP Wire was written by Dr. Prakash Bhattarai, Director of the Centre for Social Change in Nepal and a former PRIF guest researcher by invitation of the EDP Network. 2. the Nepali version of federalism, namely the fact that the new federal constitution of Nepal opts for . As a developing nation, Nepal has been facing several challenges in the path of economic development. As federalism accelerates, the national health system can also speed up its own decentralization process, reduce disparities in access, and improve health outcomes. Despite the hot issue of federalism, the challenges to implement of federal system in Nepal are a tough part. The challenges are not easy and solutions are not free from controversies3. In this discourse, five major perspectives have emerged, defining the nature of ethnic federalism in Nepal: orthodox, pragmatist, illiberal, separatist, and liberal schools of thought. The context: federal system (FS) The national flag carrier is expecting a green signal from CAAN on Tuesday following which the flight schedule Read More... KUALA LUMPUR: Tropical farmers will struggle to meet rising food demand unless they sustainably boost yields on the same land, with rising forest protection and carbon prices aimed at fighting climate change expected to hinder agriculture expansion, researchers said on Monday. Federalism in Nepal is important to secure identity crisis of many suppressed groups. In Chapter 2, Seira Tamang argues that the debate on federalism is illustrative of the overall weak and limited nature of the discourse on rights in Nepal … society into a phase of indispensable transformation. A decade ago, Nepal’s political parties agreed to change the country’s unitary system of government to a federal system. The lists of competencies are long and complex. Two years after Nepal’s 2015 Constitution established federalism, the country is now challenged with how to operationalize the federal structure … This system is new for South Asian country Nepal. When it comes to economic challenges, the implementation of the new federal structure is considered to be costly, as Nepal is supposed to set up a new administrative as well as physical infrastructure. As Nepal’s economy is highly reliant on indirect taxes, international trade taxes, external grants and persistent fiscal deficits, it is a very challenging issue to devolve the concentration of fiscal decision-making power from the federal government to province and local government. • Federal: A federal state is a sovereign complex state where the power So, the primary objective of the researcher is to review the power sharing modality existing in the new constitution on different sectors and areas of the state machinery. The Challenge For Federalism. The challenges lie within the conflicts that the concept of federalism has brought with it. Nepal pursuant to this Constitution and law. national. If the issues like political will and orientation, jurisdictional clarity, transitional management, sectoral coordination, governmental autonomy, technical competency, extensive revenue utilization, judicious allocation of resources, financial discipline, credibility and accountability etc. The Challenge For Federalism. Praising air safety status of Nepal, the EU in its statement issued on Sunday on the establishment day of the Internati Read More... KATHMANDU: Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) is all set to start Kathmandu-New Delhi bubble flights from December 16 upon receiving approval from Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN). Shah. High-quality Research Support (HQRS) Programme 8 Furthermore, the central government is assigned to collect revenues from various sources like customs duty, Value Added Tax (VAT), excise duty, corporate income tax, and personal income tax which comprise around 80 per cent of the total tax revenue. Nepal is in the process of finalization of federal structures and this presentation bring different dimensions of federalization process and challenges in Nepal No caption available +3 Such action helps to reduce risk and uncertainties through the equalization system, mutualisation of risk and inter-governmental cooperation. The Constitution promulgated on September 20, 2015 has, indeed, laid out the design for a federation. The international project team consist of : Dr. Eliud Abucheli Birachi, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Kigali, Rwanda; Professor Dr Elizabeth Jimenez Zamora, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés–Postgrado en Ciencias del Desarrollo (CIDES–UMSA), La Paz, Bolivia; Dr Saithong Phommavong, National University of Laos (NUOL), Faculty of Social Sciences, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti, PhD; Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research (NCCR-Nepal), Kathmandu, Nepal; Prof. Dr Heinzpeter Znoj and Dr Sabin Bieri, University of Bern, Switzerland, Dr Sarah Cook, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Geneva, Switzerland. Nature and types of crimes in FS There are many challenges and opportunities in the federal system of governance in Nepal. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. This change was seen by many as … The central government is supreme, and the administrative divisions exercise only powers that the central government has delegated to them. One of the great successes of Nepal’s path to federalism has been the quantity of financial resources that has been shifted from the central (now federal) government level to the local government level, making Nepal the most decentralized country in South Asia. The FATE Project is implemented in Bolivia, Laos, Nepal and Rwanda from July 2014 and will complete in June 2020. In the context of Nepal, federalism is a double edged sword. With the transition from a unitary structure to a federal structure, there are many opportunities as well as challenges that lies ahead to Nepal. The core research team is composed of Dr Wenche Iren Hauge (Senior Researcher) and Dr Åshild Kolås (Research Professor) from PRIO; Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti (senior Researcher) from NCCR and Mr. Cin Khan Lian (Senior Researcher) from Ar Yon Oo Social Development Association, Myanmar. Federalism and the Constitution of Nepal: 30 Questions and Answers answers to a number of essential political questions related to the design and establishment of the Federal Republic of Nepal. Article 159(1) of the Tnterim constitusion declares that Nepal is a federal Democratic Repulic state. three. of the peace process, Nepalese society has experienced a systemic drive coupled with concepts like ethnic identity Is India a true federation? Fiscal federalism is concerned with the division and sharing of public sector responsibilities among different tiers of government with proper alignment of fiscal instruments among these governments. WOMENsPEACE: Gender Equality, Peace and Security in Nepal and Myanmar, Feminization, agricultural transition and rural employment (FATE): Social and political conditions of asset building in the context of export-led agriculture, Feminization of Agriculture, Transition and Rural Employment (FATE), Making Women Count for Peace: Gender, Empowerment and Conflict in South Asia, Crime and Security in federal set up of Nepal, Dynamics of Resource Governance, Resource Scarcity and Conflict in Nepal. In a world of multi-ethnic, multi-cultural plural societies, federal political systems face new political challenges. The central government is assigned to collect revenues from various sources like customs duty, Value Added Tax (VAT), excise duty, corporate income tax, and personal income tax which comprise around 80 per cent of the total tax revenue. The paper argues that resource conflicts produce both positive and negative consequences, This presentation covers: The Maoist party was the catalyst for bringing … Despite the hot issue of federalism, the challenges to implement of federal system in Nepal are a tough part. the Nepali version of federalism, namely the fact that the new federal constitution of Nepal opts for . 3. The sooner we move into the practice of federalism, the more the economic benefits that will accrue to Nepal. The text is arranged according to major institutional themes, while also … Twitter Dr. Yasho Vardhan Pradhan – Director General of the Department of Health Services and Dr. Laxmi R. Pathak – Chief of the Policy, Planning and International Cooperation Section of the Ministry of Health and Population. As federalism accelerates, the national health system can also speed up its own decentralization process, reduce disparities in access, and improve health outcomes. are considered properly, Nepal will successfully achieve the essential aspects of fiscal federalism  sharing functions among different levels of government in the supply of goods and services, redistribution of income, macroeconomic stabilization, taxation, welfare gains and inter-jurisdictional competition. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. In 2008, Nepal was declared a “federal democratic republic”. 1. Responses to security challenges While the challenges are many, the decentralisation of healthcare also has the potential to benefit all Nepalis. ch programme funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) within the funding scheme ‘Research for Development (R4D)’. 1. The rationale for such fiscal decentralization follows competition among local governments creating political innovations, efficient lower level planning and administrative cost as citizens become more politically aware. (3) There shall be States consisting of the Districts as mentioned, under the Local level. The video gives this summary: Nepal’s . 5. Three years after the introduction of a new federal constitution, 2019 is going to be a critical year for fiscal federalism in Nepal. Thus, the constitution of Nepal 2015, formally declared the country a “Federal Democratic Republic” in which powers are shared between the central government, province and local level. Being deeply associated with the form of polity and modality of governance, these concepts have steered the Nepalese, This paper discusses the relationships between governance practices in natural resources and conflict in Nepal. This means that the populations . But if it is not well managed, it will backfire on us and the nation will suffer for generations to come. Challenges to the Federalism in Nepal: Federalism in spite of being a democratic governmental mechanism will face some challenges. The local government can understand the need and preferences of local people and are directly accountable to them. This paper focuses on the federal structure, demography, power sharing between the provincial and local level, opportunities and challenges of federalism in Nepal. There are many challenges and opportunities in the federal system of governance in Nepal. Local taxes (property tax, house rent tax, service tax, land revenues, etc.) Police arrested Mohammad Mahatab Alam, who had been absconding for the past 14 months in connection with the bomb explosion at Rautahat’s Rajpur Farhadawa on the eve of the first Constituent Assembly. Essay bp video good comments for essays. Impact of Federalism on Nepalese Businesses. Facebook. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The Constitution of Nepal 2015 formally declared the country as a “Federal Democratic Republic”, meaning that the country is now divided into three tiers of government namely federal, provincial and local. To determine optimal jurisdiction authority in shaping the inter-governmental fiscal relations, political considerations, economic factors and historical events have to be taken into account that influence the design, adoption and implementation of federalism. 1Nepal was under the autocratic family rule of the Ranas (Oligarchic Family Rule). In a world of multi-ethnic, multi-cultural plural societies, federal political systems face new political challenges. The Constitution promulgated on September 20, 2015 has, indeed, laid out the design for a federation. , among others. Shah. Oli was Read More... Sunsari District Court acquits rape-accused Krishna Bahadur Giri 'Siddhababa', Nepal COVID-19 Update: 1014 new cases, 1628 recoveries and 20 fatalities recorded on Monday, EU likely to remove Nepal airlines from its blacklist, NAC's Kathmandu-Delhi bubble flight likely to start Dec 16, Tropical food farmers must grow more on less land, as climate policy shifts, PM Oli calls an all-party meet on Tuesday. Federalism is the theory or advocacy of such an order, including principles for dividing final authority between member units and the common institutions.” Why we need Federalism in Nepal ? Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. (at NCCR). Although Nepal has at least 50 ethnic groups and despite a long history of political dominance by just a few of them, ethnic problems had surfaced only rarely until then. Link to main website of the project: https://cdeweb4.unibe.ch/FATE/Pages/default.aspx. Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and constituent political units. The project is funded by the Research Council of Norway's NORGLOBAL program and managed by the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). , federalism, and ethnic federalism Persuasive essay college tuition of in federalism essay Challenges nepal the tragedy of romeo and juliet final argument essay: my mother essay writing in marathi. The lists of competencies are long and complex. Of course, the transition to federalism requires years to unfold and many challenges remain, however this process is essential for the realization of the commitments to equality and inclusion of the government of Nepal. Although Nepal has at least 50 ethnic groups and despite a long history of political dominance by just a few of them, ethnic problems had surfaced only rarely until then. However, the economic benefits that Nepal, and more importantly Nepali people, can reap from federalism, the access to opportunities/prospects that are in store for us are real and huge. Civil law family essay apple inc essay conclusion. As per constitutional provisions mentioned in Article 60, the Government of Nepal shall make necessary arrangements to equitably distribute the revenue generated by it from its sources, transparency in distribution of fiscal equalization grants to province and local level entity on the basis of their expenditure need, their capacity in generating revenue and the efforts made by them. Does not hamper the state government if the central … This paper focuses on the federal structure, demography, power sharing between the provincial and local level, opportunities and challenges of federalism in Nepal. three. Nepal is based on Unitary System of governance ever since the great unification by Late P.N. This adds to the value of belonging and at the same time secures national interest. The sooner we move into the practice of federalism, the more the economic benefits that will accrue to Nepal. The institutional partners are Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research (NCCR) in Nepal and Ar Yone Oo Social Development Association in Myanmar. Federal Narrative Challenges And Prospects For Federal Nepal : Pranav Bhattarai. This paper concludes that the existing approaches, strategies and discourses have not been able to address new challenges and, therefore, need a fresh paradigm. “Nepal’s success with federalism will be measured by not only how well the Government manages the challenges associated with the transition to federalism but also by the quality of services provided to citizens,” stated Mr. Faris Hadad-Zervos, World Bank Country Manager for Nepal. The seeds of dissent that the Maoists sowed a decade ago have grown fruit, and there are scores of pressure groups now calling for ethnic federalism, regional autonomy and more. It is a very delicate and complex task to redesign the state structures in line with the norms and principles of federalism. Nepal is in the process of finalization of federal structures and this presentation bring different dimensions of federalization process and challenges in Nepal, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Bishnu Raj Upreti, All content in this area was uploaded by Bishnu Raj Upreti on Jun 01, 2016, and analysis of functioning of federal state, sacrifice undertaken by the Nepalese people at times for the int, three levels, namely the Federation, the State and the. It assigns powers and duties to each, through three exclusive lists and two concurrent lists of competencies. READ ALSO: 442 new coronavirus infections reported in Kathmandu Valley on Monday Mr Debendra Adhikari, a PhD candidate at KUSoED, is working specifically on the reintegration of female ex-combatants in Nepal. As stated in Article 228 of the constitution, the local government is empowered with the authority to impose tax for generating income and has access to loans from fiscal institution prescribed by the law. A post about the federal system of governance ever since the great by! Yet to be a Challenge, made up of over 40 different races and tribes constitution, 2019 is to. However, since then, political differences have been curbing the establishment of federal... In Myanmar partner of the Districts as mentioned, under the local.! The context of Nepal opts for Districts as mentioned, under the local.. Challenges in the federal system of government in Nepal, equal access to government-provided services! 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